Implantation Symptoms: Comprehensive Overview

Women who expect to get pregnant constantly look forward to experiencing implantation symptoms as the positive sign of early pregnancy. However, many of them do not realize or know about their early pregnancy symptoms. Some other cannot distinguish between the real pregnancy and non-pregnancy symptoms. As implantation is one of the signs of the pregnancy, expectant mothers need to comprehend this matter as they need to be sure that they really experience the symptoms or the other problems.

What is Implantation?

“When does implantation occur?” This question is frequently asked by many women who really want to know that they will get pregnant. Before answering this question including implantation symptoms, we need to comprehend implantation itself. The process is initiated when the menstrual cycle has been completed. At this time, ovaries will produce an ovum (mature egg). Ovum then will travel from ovaries heading to the uterus out of the fallopian tube. Within its journey, it is very possible that ovum will meet sperm. When both meet, both will unite to develop a diploid cell zygote. Afterwards, zygote will transform into blastocyst. The process of meeting the ovum and sperm, continuing to the formation of zygote until blastocyst, is called fertilization.

Blastocyst then will arrive at uterus and during its way; it digs out itself into the uterine lining or endometrial lining. The entire process of the blastocyst attachment to the uterine lining then is known as implantation. Uterine lining is a place rich of essential nutrients and after transformation, it will become placenta. When the normal implantation does not successfully take place, the blatocyst will be expelled from the body through menstruation. From this point, the question associated with implantation symptoms then appears. It is about the time of the implantation occurrence.

When the Implantation Occurs?

Before coming to the detail overview of implantation symptoms, we can start from the time of the occurrence of implantation. The explanation of implantation lets us understand the occurrence of implantation after fertilization. It will take around two up to three days for the fertilized egg to get unto uterus. Implantation will take place right after the egg ovulation. However, the implantation times can be different between one and another woman, which depends on the menstrual cycle length. Answering this question about the time of the implantation occurrence can be drawn by calculating the required time for diploid cell zygote entering the uterus.

Assuming that the fertilization takes place punctually, the implantations itself will occur between six up to twelve days after ovulation. Regarding the menstrual cycle, implantation will exactly occur between twenty up to 24 days. However, this forecast can be different between one and another since the menstrual cycle of each woman is also different. Commonly, menstruation cycle will be completed after 28 days. Based on this assumption, the ovulation will emerge on the 14th day. The implantation symptoms precisely will emerge one week prior to the beginning of menstruation. That is the answer of the time of the occurrence of implantation in pregnancy.

Implantation After In Vitro Fertilization

In vitro fertilization, also called IVF is also fertilization, the meeting of an egg and sperm but it happens outside the women’s body. This technique is largely conducted to cure infertility in women. IVF has five major stages: ovarian stimulation, retrieval of the egg, selection and culture of the quality of the embryo and the transfer of embryo. The real stage confirming the IVF viability is the post transfer of embryo. Implantation with IVF will emerge after days of six up to twelve egg retrieval. Then, egg will come to blastocyst stage. It takes place in the next five days after the transfer of embryo. It may take place on different days; hence to gain accurate result, we need to calculate that the day 0 is the time of egg retrieval. Implantation following IVF will also have implantation symptoms just like the normal implantation.

Symptoms of Implantation

When fertilization successfully occurs, implantation symptoms then will also occur. At this time, the body will begin to produce pregnancy hormone, called hCG. The occurring symptoms are sufficiently similar to the symptoms of menstrual cycle. That is why many women are in confusion. If they really experience symptoms of implantation, body then will begin to prepare the early pregnancy. The symptoms themselves include implantation bleeding and cramping.

Implantation Bleeding

Many confused women are questioning what implantation bleeding is and if it is different from menstrual cycle. When women can comprehend the minute difference, they will be able to differentiate implantation bleeding from menstrual bleeding. Implantation bleeding will answer the question “What are the symptoms of implantation?” occurring among women.

As one of the implantation symptoms, implantation bleeding is experienced by around 25% up to 40% women. It is actually vaginal bleeding which is seen during the couple of weeks in the early pregnancy. The signs and symptoms of implantation bleeding are considerably similar to menstrual bleeding cycle. That is the reason many women cannot ensure that they experience implantation bleeding symptoms or menstrual bleeding. Some research is still being continued to find the information why implantation bleeding is only experienced by several women, while others do not.

Before coming to the bleeding implantation symptoms, we need to know how and when it takes place. As we know, implantation takes place around six up to twelve days after fertilization. Menstrual bleeding, however, will occur in the fourteenth day after the date of ovulation and each woman may have different menstrual cycle. The uterus lining, with which the blastocyst will align itself, contains blood in it. Then, the fertilized egg will attach to the endometrial lining of uterus. At this time, a little blood will be secreted from uterus. The blood is not as much as menstrual bleeding. Instead, it is just spotting. This is how implantation bleeding occurs.

The bleeding implantation symptoms have particular characteristics. For the time period, it happens around nine up to ten days after ovulation. Thus, women will experience this implantation bleeding around a week before they have the next menstrual bleeding. This bleeding is also can be variously experienced. Some women may only have once, while some others do within all their pregnancies. Even, some other may not experience this spotting at all, but when this really occurs, it becomes a positive sign of the early pregnancy. Spotting as the majority of pregnancy implantation symptoms tends to emerge either for several minutes or can be one up to two days or even for an entire week.

To differ from the menstrual bleeding, we can see from the blood color. The discharged blood in implantation bleeding has pinkish or brownish color, instead of reddish in menstrual cycle. In certain cases, the color can be black but it is rarely found or could be specks of red color. Frequently, the implantation bleeding color is less. Bleeding implantation symptoms also explain the reason why the color of the blood is different from reddish menstrual bleeding. The reason is the blood requires some time to be expelled from the body so the blood is no longer fresh. Consequently, it changes the color, no longer red like in the case of periods.

Some other women may also be confused about implantation bleeding as one of the implantation symptoms for the signs of stress. Note that when bleeding is brought together with food aversion or food carvings, increased basal body temperature, nausea and constipation, women may experience the pregnancy symptoms. Moreover, women actually do not have to be scared about this bleeding as it is not harmful neither for the baby nor the expectant mother. The discharged blood is merely in small amount so it will not be dangerous. However, when they experience heavy bleeding, they are highly suggested seeing gynecologist or obstetrician.

Implantation Bleeding, Menstrual Cycle or Early Miscarriage

When women are faced with early miscarriage, they may be more confused than before as bleeding may be either the sign of early miscarriage or menstrual bleeding. To have anything clear, they have to check the blood amount and blood color.

From the amount of blood, it is clearly seen that implantation bleeding is different from menstrual cycle. Becoming one of the implantation symptoms, this bleeding is less heavy than menstrual bleeding. There is only small amount of blood expelled during implantation. Thus, to make sure that women are really pregnant, they can look at the discharged blood. If they experience heavy bleeding, possibly it is only regular menstrual bleeding.

However, it rather difficult to differentiate bleeding as one of the implantation symptoms and early miscarriage symptom, since bleeding normally associated with chemical pregnancy or impending miscarriage will begin like implantation spotting, but after some time, it becomes heavier with dark red color and visible clots. When the condition is like this, it simply similar to menstrual bleeding. Therefore, currently it becomes a little bit clearer to have such understanding of bleeding as the implantation symptoms, menstrual cycle or early miscarriage.

Implantation Cramping

Another one of the implantation symptoms is cramping. Bleeding of implantation is quite common to indicate the attachment of the fertilized egg to the uterus wall and it is also the sign of the early pregnancy. However, cramping is uncommon symptom of pregnancy. There are only some women experiencing discomfort during the implantation. Implantation cramping occurs together with slight bleeding. That is the reason many would be in confusion with menstrual bleeding and cramping. Reading this article will make everything clear about the implantation symptoms cramping.

The time for implantation cramping is just the same as implantation, namely about eight up to ten days after ovulation when the fertilized egg attaches to the uterus wall. Typically, this dull cramping of implantation is the most initial sign of pregnancy and some women may not realize that they have experienced cramping as implantation symptoms until the pregnancy has been confirmed. Some expectant mothers believe that cramping naturally occurs to tell the mother about the presence of life in her belly, far before human invented pregnancy test and also the other scientific instruments. Therefore, instead of being worried, scared or stress due to the cramping, expectant mothers should welcome this happily.

These cramps will appear as dull ache in the area of lower abdomen. Women experience cramps as the implantation symptoms during the implantation of the blastocyst attachment. Some women may experience very painful cramping, but some others only do mild pain. These painful cramps occur due to the body adjustment towards the level of hormone pregnancy.

As the early sign of pregnancy, implantation bleeding occurrence is accompanied with implantation cramping. This is relative as some others do not experience cramping during the bleeding of implantation and the others experience both of them or even neither of them. Even though women experiencing both or one of them during the implantation, they may not realize their or its coming since they are slightly noticed. However, only if they are clearly noticed, women will not utterly be worried about them.

How Long Does Implantation Cramping Last?

Cramps as the implantation symptoms ideally should be brief and slight. Simply saying, women will experience this cramping only not more than a day or maximally two days. However, in certain cases, women may experience cramping with severe pain lasting for more than two days. When they experience like this, they have to see a doctor to conduct some test. It will be carried out to find the presence of miscarriage. Women also need to check the possibility of ectopic pregnancy, placental abruption, pre-term labor, urinary tract infections and preeclampsia. When these possibilities do not occur, women can be relieved as it is just bloating and gas. Those two things make women fee like to have growing uterus occurring together with implantation symptoms similar to implantation cramping.

Cramping is also common even after IVF. Differently, women will experience cramping after IVF for four days maximally. However, cramping does not simply mean that the procedure has been successful and this can be caused by the excessive chemicals and hormone in the body. In certain cases, this cramping is caused by problem with the procedure or medical condition. Therefore, to treat cramping after IVF, doctor likely recommend taking medications by considering all possible side effects.

And last, with all the given information including the symptoms and duration, women will understand all about the implantation symptoms so they can be sure to be pregnant.